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Top 100 Windows Server Interview Questions and Answers

Top 100 Windows Server Interview Questions and Answers
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Question 1: What are Active Directory Forests and Domains?

Answer: An Active Directory forest is a collection of domains grouped together in a hierarchical structure. A domain represents a boundary for security, administrative tasks, and policies.

Code Snippet (Creating a New Active Directory Domain):

Install-ADDSForest -DomainName "example.com" -DomainNetbiosName "EXAMPLE" -DomainMode "Win2016" -ForestMode "Win2016" -InstallDns

Official Reference: Active Directory Overview


Question 2: How do you promote a Windows Server to a Domain Controller?

Answer: You can promote a server to a Domain Controller using PowerShell or the Server Manager.

Code Snippet (PowerShell Command):

Install-ADDSDomainController -DomainName "example.com" -InstallDns -Credential (Get-Credential)

Official Reference: Install a Replica DC


Question 3: Explain Group Policy in Windows Server.

Answer: Group Policy allows administrators to implement specific configurations for users and computers in an Active Directory environment. It provides centralized management and control.

Code Snippet (Creating a Group Policy Object):

New-GPO -Name "Example GPO"

Official Reference: Group Policy Overview


Question 4: How do you back up and restore Active Directory?

Answer: You can use Windows Server Backup or PowerShell cmdlets like ntbackup to perform AD backups. To restore, use the Windows Recovery Environment.

Code Snippet (PowerShell for Backup):

wbadmin start backup -backuptarget:\\server\share -include:C:\

Official Reference: AD Backup and Recovery


Question 5: What is Hyper-V in Windows Server?

Answer: Hyper-V is a virtualization platform that allows you to create and manage virtual machines. It enables multiple operating systems to run on a single physical server.

Code Snippet (Creating a Virtual Machine):

New-VM -Name "VM1" -MemoryStartupBytes 2GB -NewVHDPath "C:\VMs\VM1\Disk1.vhdx" -NewVHDSizeBytes 50GB

Official Reference: Hyper-V Overview


Question 6: What is DHCP in Windows Server?

Answer: DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) is a network management protocol used to automate the process of assigning IP addresses and other network configuration settings to devices on a network.

Code Snippet (Installing DHCP Server Role):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name DHCP

Official Reference: DHCP Overview


Question 7: How do you configure DNS in Windows Server?

Answer: DNS (Domain Name System) resolves domain names to IP addresses. To configure DNS, you can use the DNS Manager or PowerShell cmdlets.

Code Snippet (Adding a DNS Zone):

Add-DnsServerPrimaryZone -Name "example.com" -ZoneFile "example.com.dns"

Official Reference: DNS Overview


Question 8: Explain the purpose of Remote Desktop Services.

Answer: Remote Desktop Services allows users to access applications and desktops hosted on a remote server. It enables remote connections, making it easier to work from different locations.

Code Snippet (Installing Remote Desktop Services):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name RDS-RD-Server

Official Reference: Remote Desktop Services Overview


Question 9: What is PowerShell and how is it useful in Windows Server?

Answer: PowerShell is a powerful command-line shell and scripting language. It allows administrators to automate tasks and manage configurations efficiently.

Code Snippet (Getting Service Status):

Get-Service -Name "ServiceName"

Official Reference: PowerShell Overview


Question 10: How do you install a Windows Update in Windows Server?

Answer: You can install updates using Windows Update, Windows Server Update Services (WSUS), or PowerShell cmdlets like Install-WindowsUpdate.

Code Snippet (Installing Updates with PowerShell):

Install-WindowsUpdate -AcceptAll

Official Reference: Windows Update Overview


Question 11: Explain the purpose of Active Directory Certificate Services.

Answer: Active Directory Certificate Services (AD CS) provides customizable services for issuing and managing digital certificates.

Code Snippet (Installing AD CS):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name ADCS-Cert-Authority

Official Reference: AD CS Overview


Question 12: What is Network Load Balancing (NLB) in Windows Server?

Answer: NLB is a feature that distributes network traffic across multiple servers to enhance performance and availability of network services.

Code Snippet (Configuring NLB):

Add-NlbClusterNode -NewNodeName "Node2" -NewNodeInterface "Ethernet 2" -NewNodePriority 2

Official Reference: NLB Overview


Question 13: How do you manage disks and volumes in Windows Server?

Answer: You can use Disk Management or PowerShell cmdlets like New-Partition to manage disks and volumes.

Code Snippet (Creating a New Partition):

New-Partition -DiskNumber 0 -UseMaximumSize -AssignDriveLetter

Official Reference: Disk Management Overview


Question 14: Explain the purpose of Windows Firewall.

Answer: Windows Firewall is a security feature that controls inbound and outbound traffic to and from a Windows Server. It helps protect against unauthorized access.

Code Snippet (Enabling Windows Firewall):

Set-NetFirewallProfile -Profile Domain,Public,Private -Enabled True

Official Reference: Windows Firewall Overview


Question 15: What is Storage Spaces in Windows Server?

Answer: Storage Spaces is a technology that virtualizes storage by grouping disks into storage pools and then creating virtual drives called storage spaces.

Code Snippet (Creating a Storage Pool):

New-StoragePool -FriendlyName "Pool1" -StorageSubsystemFriendly

Name "Storage Subsystem 1" -PhysicalDisks (Get-PhysicalDisk -CanPool $true)

Official Reference: Storage Spaces Overview


Question 16: What is Hyper-V in Windows Server?

Answer: Hyper-V is a virtualization platform that allows you to create and manage virtual machines. It enables efficient utilization of server hardware.

Code Snippet (Installing Hyper-V Role):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name Hyper-V -IncludeManagementTools

Official Reference: Hyper-V Overview


Question 17: How do you configure a failover cluster in Windows Server?

Answer: Failover clustering provides high availability for services and applications. You can set up a cluster using the Failover Cluster Manager or PowerShell.

Code Snippet (Creating a Failover Cluster):

New-Cluster -Name "ClusterName" -Node "Node1","Node2" -StaticAddress "192.168.1.100"

Official Reference: Failover Clustering Overview


Question 18: Explain the purpose of Windows Server Update Services (WSUS).

Answer: WSUS allows administrators to deploy and manage updates for Windows servers and clients in an organization.

Code Snippet (Configuring WSUS):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name UpdateServices, UpdateServices-WidDB

Official Reference: WSUS Overview


Question 19: What is Group Policy in Windows Server?

Answer: Group Policy is a feature that enables centralized management and configuration of operating systems, applications, and user settings.

Code Snippet (Opening Group Policy Editor):

gpedit.msc

Official Reference: Group Policy Overview


Question 20: How do you configure Remote Desktop Services in Windows Server?

Answer: You can set up Remote Desktop Services using the Remote Desktop Services Configuration or PowerShell.

Code Snippet (Configuring RDS):

Add-RDServer -Server "RDSHost1" -Role "RDS-RD-Server"

Official Reference: Remote Desktop Services Configuration


Question 21: Explain the purpose of Windows Deployment Services (WDS).

Answer: WDS is a server role used to deploy Windows operating systems over the network.

Code Snippet (Installing WDS Role):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name WDS

Official Reference: WDS Overview


Question 22: What is the purpose of the Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS)?

Answer: AD LDS provides directory services for applications without the need for a full Active Directory domain.

Code Snippet (Installing AD LDS Role):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name ADLDS

Official Reference: AD LDS Overview


Question 23: How do you set up a VPN in Windows Server?

Answer: You can configure a VPN using the Routing and Remote Access Service (RRAS) or through a VPN server role.

Code Snippet (Installing VPN Server Role):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name RemoteAccess -IncludeManagementTools

Official Reference: VPN Overview


Question 24: Explain the purpose of the Windows Internet Naming Service (WINS) in Windows Server.

Answer: WINS resolves NetBIOS names to IP addresses in Windows environments.

Code Snippet (Installing WINS Feature):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name WINS

Official Reference: WINS Overview


Question 25: What is DHCP and how is it configured in Windows Server?

Answer: DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) automates the process of assigning IP addresses to devices on a network.

Code Snippet (Installing DHCP Server Role):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name DHCP

Official Reference: DHCP Overview


Question 26: Explain the purpose of Network Policy Server (NPS) in Windows Server.

Answer: NPS is a role service that allows you to create and enforce network access policies for client health, authentication, and authorization.

Code Snippet (Installing NPS Role):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name NPAS

Official Reference: NPS Overview


Question 27: How do you configure a Web Server (IIS) in Windows Server?

Answer: Internet Information Services (IIS) is a web server role in Windows Server that enables hosting websites and web applications.

Code Snippet (Installing IIS Role):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name Web-Server

Official Reference: IIS Overview


Question 28: What is PowerShell Desired State Configuration (DSC) in Windows Server?

Answer: DSC is a management platform in Windows PowerShell that enables the configuration of systems as code.

Code Snippet (Checking DSC Status):

Get-DscLocalConfigurationManager

Official Reference: DSC Overview


Question 29: Explain the purpose of Windows Firewall in Windows Server.

Answer: Windows Firewall controls inbound and outbound traffic to and from a Windows computer.

Code Snippet (Enabling Windows Firewall):

Set-NetFirewallProfile -Profile Domain,Public,Private -Enabled True

Official Reference: Windows Firewall Overview


Question 30: How do you configure a file server in Windows Server?

Answer: A file server role allows users to store and access files over a network.

Code Snippet (Installing File Server Role):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name FileAndStorage-Services

Official Reference: File Server Overview


Question 31: What is the purpose of the Windows System Resource Manager (WSRM) in Windows Server?

Answer: WSRM allows you to manage system resources, such as CPU and memory, on a server.

Code Snippet (Installing WSRM Feature):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name WSRM

Official Reference: WSRM Overview


Question 32: How do you set up and configure Network Load Balancing (NLB) in Windows Server?

Answer: NLB is a feature that distributes network traffic across multiple servers to enhance availability and scalability.

Code Snippet (Installing NLB Feature):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name NLB

Official Reference: NLB Overview


Question 33: What is the purpose of Remote Desktop Services (RDS) in Windows Server?

Answer: RDS allows users to access applications and desktops remotely. It’s useful for virtualizing the desktop experience.

Code Snippet (Installing RDS Role):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name RDS-RD-Server

Official Reference: RDS Overview


Question 34: How do you configure Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) in Windows Server?

Answer: AD DS is a core service that manages identities and relationships in a network.

Code Snippet (Installing AD DS Role):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name AD-Domain-Services

Official Reference: AD DS Overview


Question 35: What is Hyper-V and how do you set up a virtual machine in Windows Server?

Answer: Hyper-V is a hypervisor-based virtualization platform. Setting up a VM involves creating a virtual machine and configuring its settings.

Code Snippet (Creating a VM):

New-VM -Name "VMName" -MemoryStartupBytes 1GB -NewVHDPath "C:\VMs\VMName.vhdx" -NewVHDSizeBytes 50GB

Official Reference: Hyper-V Overview


Question 36: Explain the purpose of Windows Deployment Services (WDS) in Windows Server.

Answer: WDS allows for the deployment of Windows operating systems over a network.

Code Snippet (Installing WDS Role):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name WDS

Official Reference: WDS Overview


Question 37: How do you configure DNS in Windows Server?

Answer: DNS (Domain Name System) resolves domain names to IP addresses.

Code Snippet (Installing DNS Server Role):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name DNS

Official Reference: DNS Overview


Question 38: What is the purpose of Windows Backup and Restore in Windows Server?

Answer: It’s a built-in feature for backing up and recovering files, folders, and system state.

Code Snippet (Configuring Backup):

wbadmin start backup -backupTarget:E: -include:C: -allCritical -quiet

Official Reference: Windows Backup Overview


Question 39: How do you configure Remote Desktop Gateway (RD Gateway) in Windows Server?

Answer: RD Gateway provides secure access to resources on an internal network over the internet.

Code Snippet (Installing RD Gateway Role):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name RDS-Gateway

Official Reference: RD Gateway Overview


Question 40: What is Storage Spaces in Windows Server, and how do you configure it?

Answer: Storage Spaces is a feature for managing storage on Windows Server.

Code Snippet (Creating a Storage Pool):

New-StoragePool -FriendlyName "Pool1" -StorageSubsystemFriendlyName "Windows Storage*" -PhysicalDisks (Get-PhysicalDisk | Where-Object CanPool -eq $True)

Official Reference: Storage Spaces Overview


Question 41: What is the purpose of Active Directory Certificate Services (AD CS) in Windows Server?

Answer: AD CS provides a customizable public key infrastructure for securing communications.

Code Snippet (Installing AD CS Role):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name ADCS-Cert-Authority

Official Reference: AD CS Overview


Question 42: How do you configure Network Policy Server (NPS) in Windows Server?

Answer: NPS is a networking component that provides authentication and authorization.

Code Snippet (Installing NPS Role):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name NPAS-Policy-Server

Official Reference: NPS Overview


Question 43: Explain the purpose of Windows Firewall in Windows Server.

Answer: Windows Firewall controls network traffic and secures the server from unauthorized access.

Code Snippet (Opening a Port in Firewall):

New-NetFirewallRule -DisplayName "Allow Port 80" -Direction Inbound -Protocol TCP -LocalPort 80 -Action Allow

Official Reference: Windows Firewall Overview


Question 44: What is DHCP and how do you configure it in Windows Server?

Answer: DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) automatically assigns IP addresses to devices on a network.

Code Snippet (Installing DHCP Role):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name DHCP

Official Reference: DHCP Overview


Question 45: How do you configure DirectAccess in Windows Server?

Answer: DirectAccess provides secure remote access to corporate networks.

Code Snippet (Installing DirectAccess Role):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name RemoteAccess

Official Reference: DirectAccess Overview


Question 46: What is the purpose of Windows IIS (Internet Information Services) in Windows Server?

Answer: IIS is a web server that hosts websites and applications.

Code Snippet (Installing IIS Role):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name Web-Server

Official Reference: IIS Overview


Question 47: How do you configure Hyper-V Replica in Windows Server?

Answer: Hyper-V Replica provides virtual machine replication for disaster recovery.

Code Snippet (Configuring Hyper-V Replica):

Enable-VMReplication -VMName "VMName" -ReplicaServerName "ReplicaServer" -ReplicaServerPort 80 -AuthenticationType Kerberos

Official Reference: Hyper-V Replica Overview


Question 48: What is the purpose of Windows Event Viewer in Windows Server?

Answer: Event Viewer provides a record of events on the system.

Code Snippet (Opening Event Viewer):

eventvwr

Official Reference: Event Viewer Overview


Question 49: What is the purpose of Windows Task Scheduler in Windows Server?

Answer: Task Scheduler automates the execution of tasks or programs at specific times or events.

Code Snippet (Opening Task Scheduler):

taskschd.msc

Official Reference: Task Scheduler Overview


Question 50: How do you configure Windows Failover Clustering in Windows Server?

Answer: Failover Clustering provides high availability for services and applications.

Code Snippet (Creating a Failover Cluster):

New-Cluster -Name "ClusterName" -Node "Node1","Node2"

Official Reference: Failover Clustering Overview


Question 51: What is the purpose of Windows Performance Monitor in Windows Server?

Answer: Performance Monitor provides real-time system performance data.

Code Snippet (Opening Performance Monitor):

perfmon

Official Reference: Performance Monitor Overview


Question 52: How do you configure Remote Desktop Services in Windows Server?

Answer: Remote Desktop Services allows users to connect remotely to a server.

Code Snippet (Installing Remote Desktop Services Role):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name RDS-RD-Server

Official Reference: Remote Desktop Services Overview


Question 53: Explain the purpose of Windows PowerShell in Windows Server.

Answer: PowerShell is a powerful scripting and automation tool for Windows.

Code Snippet (Opening PowerShell):

powershell

Official Reference: PowerShell Overview


Question 54: What is Windows BitLocker and how do you enable it in Windows Server?

Answer: BitLocker encrypts drives to protect data from unauthorized access.

Code Snippet (Enabling BitLocker on Drive C):

Enable-BitLocker -MountPoint "C:"

Official Reference: BitLocker Overview


Question 55: How do you configure Windows File Server in Windows Server?

Answer: File Server provides file storage and sharing capabilities.

Code Snippet (Installing File Server Role):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name FS-FileServer

Official Reference: File Server Overview


Question 56: What is Windows Storage Spaces and how do you configure it in Windows Server?

Answer: Storage Spaces virtualizes storage, providing resilience and performance.

Code Snippet (Creating a Storage Pool):

New-StoragePool -FriendlyName "Pool1" -StorageSubsystemFriendlyName "Storage Subsystem" -PhysicalDisks (Get-PhysicalDisk)

Official Reference: Storage Spaces Overview


Question 57: What is Active Directory and how do you install it in Windows Server?

Answer: Active Directory is a directory service that manages resources in a network.

Code Snippet (Installing Active Directory Domain Services):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name AD-Domain-Services -IncludeManagementTools

Official Reference: Active Directory Overview


Question 58: How do you promote a Windows Server to be a domain controller?

Answer: Promoting a server to a domain controller integrates it into an Active Directory environment.

Code Snippet (Promoting a Server to a Domain Controller):

Install-ADDSForest -DomainName "example.com"

Official Reference: Promoting a Domain Controller


Question 59: What is Group Policy in Windows Server and how do you apply it?

Answer: Group Policy manages system settings and configurations in an Active Directory environment.

Code Snippet (Opening Group Policy Management):

gpmc.msc

Official Reference: Group Policy Overview


Question 60: How do you configure DNS in Windows Server?

Answer: DNS resolves domain names to IP addresses.

Code Snippet (Installing DNS Server Role):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name DNS -IncludeManagementTools

Official Reference: DNS Overview


Question 61: Explain the purpose of DHCP in Windows Server and how do you set it up?

Answer: DHCP automatically assigns IP addresses to devices on a network.

Code Snippet (Installing DHCP Server Role):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name DHCP -IncludeManagementTools

Official Reference: DHCP Overview


Question 62: How do you configure Remote Desktop Gateway in Windows Server?

Answer: Remote Desktop Gateway allows secure remote access to internal network resources.

Code Snippet (Installing Remote Desktop Gateway Role):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name RDS-Gateway -IncludeManagementTools

Official Reference: Remote Desktop Gateway Overview


Question 63: What is Hyper-V in Windows Server and how do you set up a virtual machine?

Answer: Hyper-V is a virtualization platform.

Code Snippet (Creating a Virtual Machine):

New-VM -Name "VM1" -MemoryStartupBytes 2GB -NewVHDPath "C:\VMs\VM1.vhdx"

Official Reference: Hyper-V Overview


Question 64: How do you install and configure IIS in Windows Server?

Answer: IIS is a web server that hosts websites and web applications.

Code Snippet (Installing IIS):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name Web-Server -IncludeManagementTools

Official Reference: IIS Overview


Question 65: How do you set up and configure FTP in Windows Server?

Answer: FTP (File Transfer Protocol) allows for the transfer of files over a network.

Code Snippet (Installing FTP Server):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name Web-Ftp-Server -IncludeManagementTools

Official Reference: FTP Overview


Question 66: What is PowerShell and how do you use it for server administration?

Answer: PowerShell is a powerful command-line interface for system administration.

Code Snippet (Checking System Information):

Get-ComputerInfo

Official Reference: PowerShell Documentation


Question 67: How do you set up and configure Windows Firewall in Windows Server?

Answer: Windows Firewall controls network traffic to and from a server.

Code Snippet (Enabling Remote Desktop Rule):

New-NetFirewallRule -Name RemoteDesktop -DisplayName "Allow Remote Desktop" -Enabled True -Direction Inbound -Protocol TCP -Action Allow -LocalPort 3389

Official Reference: Windows Firewall Overview


Question 68: What is the purpose of Windows Update in Windows Server and how do you manage it?

Answer: Windows Update provides security and feature updates for the operating system.

Code Snippet (Checking for Updates):

Get-WindowsUpdate

Official Reference: Windows Update Overview


Question 69: How do you perform a backup and restore in Windows Server?

Answer: Backups ensure data recovery in case of system failures.

Code Snippet (Performing a Backup):

wbadmin start backup -backupTarget:D: -include:C: -allCritical

Official Reference: Backup Overview


Question 70: What is Active Directory Certificate Services (AD CS) and how do you install it?

Answer: AD CS provides public key cryptography services.

Code Snippet (Installing AD CS):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name ADCS-Cert-Authority -IncludeManagementTools

Official Reference: AD CS Overview


Question 71: How do you configure Remote Desktop Services (RDS) in Windows Server?

Answer: RDS allows users to access desktops and applications remotely.

Code Snippet (Installing RDS):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name RDS-RD-Server -IncludeManagementTools

Official Reference: RDS Overview


Question 72: What is Windows PowerShell Desired State Configuration (DSC) and how do you use it?

Answer: DSC is a platform for managing system configuration.

Code Snippet (Applying a Configuration):

Start-DscConfiguration -Path "C:\DSC" -Wait -Verbose

Official Reference: DSC Overview


Question 73: What is Hyper-V in Windows Server, and how do you set up virtual machines?

Answer: Hyper-V is a virtualization platform for creating and managing virtual machines.

Code Snippet (Creating a Virtual Machine):

New-VM -Name "VM1" -MemoryStartupBytes 2GB -NewVHDPath "C:\VMs\VM1.vhdx" -NewVHDSizeBytes 50GB

Official Reference: Hyper-V Overview


Question 74: How do you configure Network Load Balancing (NLB) in Windows Server?

Answer: NLB distributes network traffic across multiple servers.

Code Snippet (Creating an NLB Cluster):

New-NlbCluster -InterfaceName "Ethernet 1" -ClusterName "NLBCluster" -OperationMode Unicast -PrimaryIP 192.168.1.10

Official Reference: NLB Overview


Question 75: What is Windows Server Update Services (WSUS), and how do you set it up?

Answer: WSUS allows centralized management of Windows updates.

Code Snippet (Installing WSUS):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name UpdateServices, UpdateServices-DB -IncludeManagementTools

Official Reference: WSUS Overview


Question 76: How do you configure DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) in Windows Server?

Answer: DHCP automates the process of assigning IP addresses.

Code Snippet (Installing DHCP Server):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name DHCP -IncludeManagementTools

Official Reference: DHCP Overview


Question 77: What is the purpose of Group Policy in Windows Server, and how do you implement it?

Answer: Group Policy allows centralized management of system settings.

Code Snippet (Creating a Group Policy Object):

New-GPO -Name "MyGPO"

Official Reference: Group Policy Overview


Question 78: How do you configure DNS (Domain Name System) in Windows Server?

Answer: DNS translates domain names to IP addresses.

Code Snippet (Installing DNS Server):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name DNS -IncludeManagementTools

Official Reference: DNS Overview


Question 79: What is Remote Desktop Gateway (RD Gateway) in Windows Server, and how do you set it up?

Answer: RD Gateway allows secure remote access to internal resources.

Code Snippet (Installing RD Gateway):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name RDS-Gateway -IncludeManagementTools

Official Reference: RD Gateway Overview


Question 80: How do you configure DirectAccess in Windows Server?

Answer: DirectAccess provides secure remote access for domain-joined devices.

Code Snippet (Configuring DirectAccess):

Enable-RemoteAccess -DirectAccessType FullAccess

Official Reference: DirectAccess Overview


Question 81: What is the purpose of Active Directory in Windows Server, and how do you set it up?

Answer: Active Directory is a directory service that manages network resources.

Code Snippet (Installing Active Directory Domain Services):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name AD-Domain-Services -IncludeManagementTools

Official Reference: Active Directory Overview


Question 82: How do you promote a server to be a domain controller in Windows Server?

Answer: Promoting a server to a domain controller integrates it into an Active Directory environment.

Code Snippet (Promoting a Domain Controller):

Install-ADDSDomainController -DomainName "contoso.com" -InstallDns -Credential (Get-Credential)

Official Reference: Promoting a Domain Controller


Question 83: What is Group Policy Object (GPO) inheritance, and how does it work?

Answer: GPO inheritance determines which policies apply to a user or computer.

Explanation:

Group Policy Objects (GPOs) are containers for policies that can be linked to Active Directory objects like domains, sites, and organizational units (OUs). When a GPO is linked, it affects the objects within its scope.

Inheritance works by flowing policies down the Active Directory structure. For example, if a policy is linked to a domain, it affects all OUs, sites, and objects within that domain. However, policies linked at a lower level (such as an OU) can override policies linked at a higher level (such as a domain).


Question 84: How do you back up and restore Active Directory in Windows Server?

Answer: Backing up and restoring Active Directory is crucial for disaster recovery.

Code Snippet (Backing Up Active Directory):

wbadmin start systemstatebackup -backuptarget:D:

Code Snippet (Restoring Active Directory):

wbadmin start systemstaterecovery -version:<version> -authsysvol

Official Reference: Active Directory Backup and Recovery


Question 85: What is PowerShell Desired State Configuration (DSC), and how do you use it?

Answer: DSC is a configuration management platform in Windows.

Code Snippet (Creating a DSC Configuration):

Configuration MyDSCConfig {
    Node "Server1" {
        # Configuration settings here
    }
}

Official Reference: PowerShell DSC Overview


Question 86: How do you monitor server performance in Windows Server?

Answer: Performance Monitor (PerfMon) is used to monitor various aspects of server performance.

Code Snippet (Opening Performance Monitor):

perfmon

Official Reference: Performance Monitor Overview


Question 87: What is the purpose of Windows Firewall in Windows Server, and how do you configure it?

Answer: Windows Firewall controls incoming and outgoing network traffic.

Code Snippet (Opening Windows Firewall):

wf.msc

Official Reference: Windows Firewall Overview


Question 88: How do you configure Remote Desktop Services (RDS) in Windows Server?

Answer: RDS allows multiple users to access Windows on a server.

Code Snippet (Installing Remote Desktop Services):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name RDS-RD-Server -IncludeManagementTools

Official Reference: Remote Desktop Services Overview


Question 89: What are Active Directory Trusts, and how do you configure them?

Answer: Trusts allow users in one domain to access resources in another domain.

Code Snippet (Creating an External Trust):

New-ADTrust -SourceForestName "source.com" -TargetForestName "target.com" -TrustType External

Official Reference: Active Directory Trusts


Question 90: How do you manage DNS in Windows Server?

Answer: DNS (Domain Name System) translates human-readable domain names into IP addresses.

Code Snippet (Opening DNS Manager):

dnsmgmt.msc

Official Reference: DNS Server Overview


Question 91: What is Hyper-V in Windows Server, and how do you create a virtual machine?

Answer: Hyper-V is a virtualization platform that allows you to run multiple operating systems on a single physical server.

Code Snippet (Creating a Virtual Machine):

New-VM -Name "VM1" -MemoryStartupBytes 2GB -NewVHDPath "C:\VMs\VM1.vhdx" -NewVHDSizeBytes 50GB

Official Reference: Hyper-V Overview


Question 92: How do you monitor event logs in Windows Server?

Answer: Event Viewer is used to view and analyze event logs.

Code Snippet (Opening Event Viewer):

eventvwr

Official Reference: Event Viewer Overview


Question 93: What is Windows Server Update Services (WSUS), and how do you set it up?

Answer: WSUS allows administrators to manage the distribution of updates and patches.

Code Snippet (Installing WSUS):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name UpdateServices -IncludeManagementTools

Official Reference: WSUS Overview


Question 94: How do you configure Disk Quotas in Windows Server?

Answer: Disk Quotas limit the amount of disk space users can consume on a volume.

Code Snippet (Enabling Disk Quotas):

Enable-Quotas -Path "C:\Users"

Official Reference: Disk Quotas Overview


Question 95: What is the purpose of Windows Server Failover Clustering, and how do you set it up?

Answer: Failover Clustering provides high availability for services and applications.

Code Snippet (Creating a Failover Cluster):

New-Cluster -Name "Cluster1" -Node "Node1","Node2"

Official Reference: Failover Clustering Overview


Question 96: What is Remote Desktop Services (RDS), and how do you configure it in Windows Server?

Answer: RDS allows users to access applications and desktops remotely.

Code Snippet (Installing RDS):

Install-WindowsFeature -Name RDS-RD-Server

Official Reference: Remote Desktop Services Overview


Question 97: How do you implement Group Policy in Windows Server?

Answer: Group Policy is used to control and configure user and computer settings.

Code Snippet (Opening Group Policy Management):

gpmc.msc

Official Reference: Group Policy Overview


Question 98: What is Windows Server Backup, and how do you perform a backup?

Answer: Windows Server Backup is a feature that allows you to back up and restore your server.

Code Snippet (Performing a Backup):

wbadmin start backup -backupTarget:E: -include:C: -vssFull -quiet

Official Reference: Windows Server Backup Overview


Question 99: How do you configure Network Load Balancing (NLB) in Windows Server?

Answer: NLB distributes network traffic across multiple servers to enhance performance.

Code Snippet (Adding a Host to NLB Cluster):

Add-NlbClusterNode -InterfaceName "Local Area Connection" -HostName "Node1" -NewPriority 1

Official Reference: Network Load Balancing Overview


Question 100: What is Windows PowerShell, and how can it be used for administration in Windows Server?

Answer: PowerShell is a powerful scripting language for automating administrative tasks.

Code Snippet (Checking Windows Updates with PowerShell):

Get-HotFix

Official Reference: Windows PowerShell Overview