Windows 10 is a very stable operating system. It works with most hardware combinations on the market. Specific difficulties can arise from time to time. The computer randomly shuts down in Windows 10 is one of these errors.
It’s fine to have automatic shutdown happen now and then. If it happens frequently, you should take the situation seriously. The automatic shutdown was not a huge issue in Windows 7 or 8. It is now a very prevalent problem in Windows 10. It is what practically every user must deal with after upgrading the system.
Why Does My PC Shut Down Randomly In Windows 10?
A computer can shut down due to an overheating power supply caused by a defective fan. Continuing to use a malfunctioning power supply might cause computer harm.
Thus it should be changed right away. Windows 10 shuts down automatically due to driver compatibility difficulties. Also, out-of-date BIOS, software failures, and a problematic OS.
What Causes These Random Shutdowns Of Computers?
There are numerous causes why your computer may turn off while you are doing stuff. The issue may be linked to:
- The temperature of your computer’s CPU is too hot.
- Graphic Processing Unit (GPU) problems.
- Settings for power consumption and sleep mode.
- Problems with the driver.
- All of these problems can, without a doubt, be resolved. However, you may need to try a few different approaches until you find one that works for you.
Solutions To Fix “Windows 10 PC Randomly Shuts Down”
- Install the Latest Version Of the GPU Driver
- Disable Sleep Mode On Windows 10
- Check The CPU Temperature
- Disable Fast Startup
- Tweak The Advanced Power Settings
- Modify Power Plans In Windows
- Update Your Drivers
- Check HDD State
- Check Power Supply To System
- Solve Corrupt System Files With DISM and SFC
- Perform A Clean Reinstall
- Remove Intel(R) Dynamic Platform Thermal Framework
1. Install the Latest Version Of the GPU Driver
Random shutdowns could be caused by the graphics processing unit (GPU). You must use the most recent version of the driver for them to work correctly. As a result, you must verify your GPU and download the most recent driver from the developer’s website:
- Open Device Manager by right-clicking Start and then choose “Device Manager.”
- Look for Display Adapters on the internet.
- Check the model number and brand of your GPU. go to the official website of the GPU.
- Now, come back to the Device Manager. Right-click on your GPU and expand the menu.
- Select your desired properties.
- Open Hardware from the Details tab.
- Make a copy of the first line.
- Uninstall the driver by going to the Drivers tab.
- Copy the first line and paste it on the official website driver section. You should be able to see the name of your GPU as well as other information about it.
- Install the most recent version of the driver from the official driver provider’s website.
- Restart your computer after the installation is complete.
2. Disable Sleep Mode On Windows 10
Sleep mode is an essential function that conserves the energy of a laptop or computer idle for a long time. This functionality, however, becomes a concern with Windows 10.
Some people have stated that they were automatically shut down instead of being in sleep mode. Avoid forced shutdowns. It is advisable to turn off sleep mode in power options settings.
- To remedy the problem, disable Sleep Mode.
- To get started, open power settings. Go to Start and then Settings.
- Navigate to System and select “Power & Sleep.”
- Go to Screen & Sleep and then Never from the power options and sleep menu.
3. Check The CPU Temperature
Overheating of your CPU or GPU can result in automatic shutdowns. Protect the CPU from damage. The motherboard is programmed to shut down the entire system.
It allows computers to cool down for an extended time. It prevents serious harm to the internal system. Check the temperature of your computer’s processor.
You can utilize third-party tools or touch the backside of your laptop with care. Your computer is still under warranty. You should deliver it to the company for a replacement.
The desktop computer’s temperature will be higher than expected if the fans quit working. So open the case and double-check that the fans are spinning.
If one of the fans is broken, it may be necessary to replace it. Overheating might occur if there is too much dust on the computer. As a result, make an effort to clean the computer, particularly the fans and the filter.
4. Disable Fast Startup
Microsoft’s goal with the latest version of Windows is to make things faster for its consumers. It is why they created the fast startup function. This function interferes with how you want to shut down your computer. You should disable fast startup. This feature can be turned off quickly in the shutdown settings.
- Select Settings from the Start Menu by right-clicking it.
- Then click System on the Settings screen.
- Click Power & sleep in the left panel of the Systems screen.
- Scroll down to Related Options and pick Additional power settings when the Power & Sleep Settings page appears.
- Then, select Choose what the power button performs on the Choose or customize a power plan’s left panel.
- Click Change settings that are presently unavailable when the following screen appears.
- Finally, to fix the problem with Windows 10 shutting down without warning, go down and uncheck the box next to Turn on fast startup (recommended). Then, when you’re finished, click Save Changes.
- Wait a few minutes after making this adjustment to see whether the Windows random shutdown occurs again. If Windows 10 continues to shut down without notice, contact Microsoft.
5. Tweak The Advanced Power Settings
There have been numerous issues with Windows 10’s power settings. You change a few settings in the default power plan. Your automatic shutdown problem will be solved forever.
In an advanced power setting, you can modify a few things. It includes changing the value in the ‘Minimum processor state.’ Reducing the amount till it says Never. It applies to both plugged-in and battery-operated computers.
- Access “Power options” by right-clicking Start.
- Change “Plan Settings” after selecting your “Additional Power Settings.”
- Click on the option “change when the computer sleeps” on the left side.
- Click on “Change advanced power options” by opening the menu.
- Select “Processor power management” from the drop-down menu.
- The minimum processor state should be set at 100, as you can see. Set it to zero.
- After that, go to Hard Disk and find Turn off Hard Disk. Reduce the value till it Never appears.
- Close Settings and save your changes.
6. Modify Power Plans In Windows
Windows 10 is still behaving erratically and shutting down without notice. Following the Power Plan’s revisions:
- Look for a default power plan. Then select Edit power plan from the search result.
- Ensure the “Put the computer to sleep Plugged in” is fixed to Never on the modify settings for the power plan: screen. Then select Change advanced power settings from the drop-down menu.
- After that, expand the hard disk. To both “On battery” and “Plugged in,” fix “Turn hard disk off after” to 0. When you’re done, both will say Never.
- Increase the size of the Sleep section. Then, “On battery” and “Plugged in,” fix the “Sleep after” setting to 0.
- When you’re done, both of them will say Never. Apply the same logic to “Hibernate after.”
- Click OK to save your changes.
- After implementing this update, you can wait to see if it fixes the Windows 10 random shutdown, as you did with the first.
7. Update Your Drivers
- In the bottom-left corner of the screen, right-click the Windows icon. From the drop-down menu, choose Device Manager.
- Locate the device you want to update using the menu. Bring an audio device up to date. Locate the device in the list by clicking the arrow beside Audio inputs and outputs.
- Right-click the device you want to update and select Update driver from the pop-up menu.
- You want Windows to look for a new driver on the internet and your machine and install it automatically. You have a specific file on your computer that you want to select and use. In almost all circumstances, you should choose the automatic option.
- Windows will attempt to locate and install an updated driver. If none are found, it will inform you that your driver is up to date.
- If Windows claims you have a completely updated driver, you are sure you don’t. Go to the maker of that particular computer component. They may have drivers that you can manually download and install.
8. Check HDD State
Another item to look at is your hard drive. If your hard drive is infected or contains damaged sectors, you’ll likely run into several issues.
- As an administrator, open Command Prompt.
- Type “wmic diskdrive get status” into the command prompt and press “Enter” to confirm.
- When prompted with “OK” for each partition, you’ll know your hard disk is in good shape.
- If you see the words ‘Unknown,’ ‘Caution,’ or ‘Bad,’ your hard disk has problems.
9. Check Power Supply To System
Check to see if any of the components are getting hot. Make sure the power supply is connected correctly. Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) is what you’re using (UPS). Ascertain that the gadget in question is not the source of the issue.
Check if your computer works properly by plugging it into a power socket. Check all of the hardware, as well as the SMPS. A laptop might shut down independently due to an inadequate power supply.
Another leading cause of the laptop’s random shutdown is a battery problem. This problem frequently develops after a computer has been used for a long or overcharged. If your computer suddenly shuts down, check to see if the battery is still OK. If it isn’t, you’ll need to replace the battery immediately.
10. Solve Corrupt System Files With DISM and SFC
I understand how aggravating it is to have this error when the computer randomly shuts down. It causes personal data loss and corrupts Windows 10 files. Corrupt files could be the source of the Windows 10 random shutdown issue.
To fix any corrupt Windows 10 files, follow the procedures below:
- Search for cmd, then right-click Command Prompt. Pick Run as administrator from the menu.
- In the command prompt, write the command below and hit enter.
- SFC /scannow
- Allow for the completion of the command. Then move on to the next stage.
- When the SFC command is finished, type the following command onto the command prompt. After that, press the enter key.
- DISM.exe /Online /Cleanup-Image /Restorehealth
- Restart your computer once the DISM command has been performed.
- It should stop Windows 10 from shutting down unexpectedly. If it doesn’t, there could be a hardware issue.
11. Perform A Clean Reinstall
The methods mentioned above do not resolve the issue. Your machine should be reinstalled with Windows 10.
- Go to Microsoft Windows official website to download Windows 10.
- The Windows Refresh Tool is available for download and use.
- Continue the procedure by reviewing and accepting the License Terms.
- Choose the files you’d like to keep. Select the “Keep personal files only” option if you only wish to keep your files.
- Select “Nothing” if you want to delete all files. Choosing “Nothing” is recommended. Ensure you’ve created a backup copy of your personal information beforehand.
- To begin the clean installation, click Install. The procedure is fully automated. While the Windows 10 Setup dialogue window is open, you can cancel the process.
- Do not install any applications on your computer after the process is finished. First, see if the problem still exists. If it doesn’t, the issue could be faulty data or a piece of software installed on your computer.
- If the error continues, it could result from a malfunctioning hardware component. It should be checked out at a service center.
12. Remove Intel(R) Dynamic Platform Thermal Framework
I appreciate how disturbing it is for your Windows 10 PC to shut off in the middle of a task. It was a problem I’d had before.
The primary cause of Windows 10 shutting down without warning is unknown. The “Intel(R) Dynamic Platform Thermal Framework” is called. It is a problem with the latest Windows 10 updates.
The solution is to delete the device’s application from Add/Remove Programs. Uninstall the Intel(R) Dynamic Platform Thermal Framework, and follow the procedures below.
- Search for add or remove programs, then select the app from the results list.
- Enter intel in the search field when Apps & Features opens. Then select Intel(R) Dynamic Platform Thermal Framework from the drop-down menu.
- Uninstall Intel(R) Dynamic Platform Thermal Framework from the drop-down menu beneath it. Then click Uninstall again on the confirmation pop-up.
- Finally, restart your computer after the application has been uninstalled.
I am sure this will be useful and understandable. You can stop Windows 10 from shutting down after reading this article. If none of the preceding procedures work, the hardware may have problems. Take the PC to the technician and get it checked.