10 Fixes For Minecraft Won’t Launch On Windows

Minecraft’s popularity is still so high that millions of players prefer it even today. Despite having unorthodox design and little focus on graphics, Minecraft is still relevant. But what if you want to get a little playthrough and the game doesn’t launch? Exasperating right?

Minecraft Won't Launch

Games not launching are a common sight and it upsets your normal play routine. There could be a lot of reasons why Minecraft Won’t Launch on your computer. But wait! Don’t uninstall it just yet.

It is possible to fix the Minecraft won’t launch issue after finding what is causing it. This article will cover all the probable causes for the issue in detail. Moreover, you will learn effective troubleshooting tips to get Minecraft working again.

Possible causes of the Minecraft Won’t Launch issue

The following could be possible reasons behind Minecraft won’t launch problem:

  • There are a lot of programs running in the background.
  • The gamer launcher profile is corrupt.
  • The App data folder of Minecraft is corrupt.
  • Minecraft doesn’t have administrator privileges to run on your system.
  • Another program is stopping Minecraft from running on your system.
  • An outdated version of the video card is present on your system.

10 Easy Fixes for Minecraft Won’t Launch on Windows

Here are 10 easy fixes that will solve the Minecraft won’t launch problem. Try each step and check if the game is running again. Make sure to make a copy of your save files before implementing any deleting step. 

  1. End all Minecraft processes in the background
  2. Launch Minecraft as an administrator
  3. Update your video card driver
  4. Delete Launcher Profiles
  5. Remove any mods
  6. Perform a Clean Boot
  7. Temporarily disable your antivirus
  8. Run Minecraft in compatibility mode
  9. Try using the MultiMC launcher
  10. Reinstall Minecraft

End all Minecraft processes in the background

If you’ve repeatedly tried running Minecraft but it won’t launch, then use task manager. You have to find all the running processes of Minecraft and stop them. There could even be multiple Minecraft processes running in the background. To end the Minecraft process, repeat the following steps:

  • Press the Ctrl key + Shift key + Esc key at once to open Task Manager.
Task Manager
  • Now, you have to find all the processes related to Minecraft. Look for a process with the name Minecraft Launcher in the Processes tab.
  • Now, right-click on the process to open the context menu.
  • Find the End Task option and then select it.
 End Task option
  • Repeat the above step for all the active Minecraft processes.
  • If the process doesn’t end after using the End Task option. Then right-click again and select the Go To Details option.
  • Now, right-click on the highlighted option and then select End Process Tree.
End Process Tree
  • This option will close all the related processes of Minecraft in the Task Manager window.

Launch Minecraft as an administrator

Minecraft may not have the necessary privileges to run on your system. Using the Run As Administrator option can grant missing privileges. It also provides unfettered access to all the permissions on Windows. So, Minecraft may run without any issues in this mode. To Run Minecraft in Administrator mode, do as follows:

  • Find the Minecraft application icon on your desktop and right-click on it.
  • Locate the Run As Administrator option and select it.
Run As Administrator
  • UAC will pop up asking to confirm your choice.
  • Tap the Yes option to run Minecraft in Administrator mode.
  • Check whether the game works or not. If it doesn’t launch, move to the next step.
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Update your video card driver

Updating your video card drivers can fix the Minecraft won’t launch issue. Graphics card drivers can become incompatible with newer versions of the Minecraft game.

If you keep updating the game but avoid updating the graphics drivers, it may crash. NVIDIA and AMD roll out frequent driver updates for their latest GPUs. If there is a pending driver update, it is best you install that. To update the video card driver software, do as follows:

  • Press the Win key + R to launch the Run command box. Then type devmgmt.msc and hit the enter key.
  • The device manager will open now. Scroll down the list of devices and find Display Adapters. 
Display Adapters
  • Select the Arrow icon to expand the Display Adapters list and find your discrete GPU( NVIDIA or AMD).
  • Now, right-click on it to reveal the Update Drivers option in the context menu and select it. The Update Drivers window will open.
Update Drivers option
  • Select the “Search automatically for drivers” option. Windows will try to find the latest drivers for your graphics card.
  • If it manages to find a new version of the graphics drivers, it will download and install them.
  • If the Update Drivers tool fails to find any new drivers, you can still cross-check about them. Just visit your GPU manufacturer’s website and search for drivers for your model.
  • Download the drivers and then install them by directly running the setup file. You can even use the “Browse my computer for Drivers” option to install the downloaded drivers.
  • Restart your system and then try launching Minecraft to see if it works.

Delete Launcher Profiles

Minecraft, like many other games and apps, stores all the necessary information in a launcher profile. The launcher profile contains launcher configuration files, user profiles, and other data. Oftentimes the launcher profile of games gets corrupt. So, you need to delete the launcher profile which causes Minecraft won’t launch issues.

Make note that the game will automatically generate a new launcher profile if it doesn’t find one. The only downside is you will lose the launcher settings that you configured before. To delete the game launcher profile, do as follows:

  • Press the Win key + R to launch the Run command box. Then type %AppData% and hit the enter key. 
  • Now, find the “.minecraft” folder in the AppData folder and open it.
  • Locate the launcher_profiles.json file. This file contains the existing launcher profiles which may be causing trouble.
  • You can even make a copy just in case you want to revert to the old launcher profile.  
  • Right-click on the launcher profile file and select the Delete option. Hold the Shift key while performing this action to permanently delete the file.
  • Now, restart the Minecraft launcher again and check if the game works now. If it doesn’t, then move to the next step.

Remove any mods

Minecraft players love mods. They offer a variety of customization that the original game doesn’t offer. But if you go overboard with mods, it may mess up your core game files. Using too many mods may cause the Minecraft won’t launch issue. So, it is best to delete the third-party mods that you installed earlier.

If your game worked fine before installing a mod, then you must remove it. Mod’s location can differ but you can find them in the bin folder. Delete them and then try to launch Minecraft. If the new mod was the culprit, Minecraft may work as it used to, after you delete it.

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Perform a Clean Boot

Windows PC runs numerous background services which don’t require user input. But these services can interfere with Minecraft and obstruct it from launching. So, you need to perform a clean boot to isolate and run Minecraft.

A clean boot disables all the unnecessary background services which are optional. Thus, Minecraft gets adequate resources and doesn’t encounter interference from other applications. To perform a clean boot, repeat the following steps:

  • Press the Win key + R to launch the Run command box. Then type msconfig and hit the enter key. 
  • It will open the General tab by default. Switch to the Services tab by clicking on it.
  • Now, check the Hide all Microsoft services tickbox. This will hide all the essential OS services. 
  • Then, hit the Disable All button which will disable the remaining services in the list.
  • You can take an additional step and disable the apps that auto-launch at startup. 
  • Go to the Startup tab and find all the apps which don’t have much use. These could be game launchers, update services, etc.
Startup tab
  • Right-click on each app and choose the Disable option.
  • Now, exit the Task Manager and select the OK button in the System Configuration window to apply changes.
  • It will prompt you to restart your system. Select the Restart option and try to run Minecraft.
  • If the game runs smoothly, then one or other services were causing trouble before. However, if the game doesn’t launch, then try the next step.

Temporarily disable your antivirus

Windows has an inbuilt antivirus program called Windows Defender. The program has improved over time but it flags many game files as threats. Anti-virus programs and games don’t sit well. If you install a game or game mod from unknown sources, antivirus programs flag game files as threats.

Sometimes, it can quarantine programs that aren’t even a threat. Minecraft may encounter a launch error if it cannot find the necessary files.

So, temporarily disabling the antivirus is a valid solution for you. You can turn off real-time protection for some time if you use Windows Defender(different for maOS and linux). For other third-party antivirus applications, you can choose to turn it off for 15 minutes or until the next reboot.

Make sure to restore all the quarantined game files, if any. Now, try to launch Minecraft and see whether this fix solves the issue. If the game still doesn’t launch, then try out the next step.

Run Minecraft in compatibility mode

The Minecraft version you are trying to run may be incompatible with the current Windows OS. You can try running the game in compatibility mode. This mode mimics the older version of Windows OS in which the game ran without any issue.

For e.g., if Minecraft won’t launch on Windows 11, you can try to run it in compatibility mode for Windows 8, or 7. To run Minecraft in compatibility mode, do as follows:

  • Find the Minecraft launcher icon on your desktop or the installation location.
  • Right-click and select the Properties option from the context menu.
  • Now, switch to the Compatibility tab. 
  • Locate the Compatibility Mode label. You will find the “Run this program in compatibility mode for” option underneath the label.
Compatibility tab
  • Try running the program in this mode for an older OS version. The list of OS may vary according to the most latest version of Windows present on your system.
  • Check to see if Minecraft works with any of the older systems from the list.
  • If it does, make this OS version the default option. Thus, you won’t encounter a launch issue the next time due to incompatible software.
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Try using the MultiMC launcher

MultiMC is an alternative launcher for Minecraft which is free to use. It enables you to run multiple instances of Minecraft without any trouble. Moreover, the MultiMC launcher lets you run older versions of the game.

It is a handy tool that can save hours of exasperation accumulated from trying to fix Minecraft. That said, the MultiMC launcher is open-source software and is safe for the most part. To download and install the MultiMC launcher do as follows:

  • Open any browser on your computer and search for the MultiMC launcher. Or you can visit this official website.
  • Scroll down to find the download section. Pick the MultiMC launcher version for Windows OS(32-bit or 64-bit).
  • Download the MultiMC launcher on your system. Then, right-click on the downloaded file and extract it. You can use the inbuilt file extraction tool or use WinRar or 7-Zip.
  • Open the extracted folder and find the MultiMC launcher executable file. Create a desktop shortcut for it.
 MultiMC launcher
  • Now, run the launcher and perform configure language and memory allocation settings.
  • Try to run Minecraft now. If it works then use the MultiMC launcher from now on to play Minecraft.

Reinstall Minecraft

If all the above methods were unable to fix the Minecraft launch issue, then reinstall it. It is possible that crucial game files are corrupt or deleted from the game folder. So, reinstallation can fix the launch issues on your system. To reinstall Minecraft. do as follows:

  • Press Win key + X to launch the power user menu. This contains a list of all the necessary Windows tools.
  • Find the Control Panel in this menu and open it.
  • Go to the Programs and Features section and then select the Uninstall a Program option. 
  • Find the Minecraft launcher in the list. Double click on it to start the uninstallation process.
  • Now, follow the on-screen prompts and remove all the files.
  • After the uninstallation is complete, open the AppData folder on your system.
  • Delete the .minecraft folder from the AppData folder to delete all configuration files.
  • Now, reinstall Minecraft using the game setup file. 
  • Attempt to launch Minecraft and check whether it encounters any launch issue.

Final thoughts

These were the 10 easy fixes for solving the Minecraft won’t launch issue. Make sure to try closing background apps, and disabling anti-virus first. You can then try to run it with administrator privileges and try compatibility mode.

Usually, a video driver update fixes the launch issue. But if all other methods fail, then use the MultiMC launcher to arrange your mods or reinstall the game.

Frequently Asked Questions

Why Is My Minecraft Not Opening?

Minecraft may not launch due to a variety of reasons. Your system may have too many unwanted processes running in the background. Or, the Minecraft launcher may need administrator privileges to launch.

How Do I Open The Minecraft Launcher On Windows 11?

Simply double-click on the Minecraft launcher icon to start it. If it doesn’t work, try using the Run As Administrator option for the launcher. You can also try out the solutions to fix the launch issues mentioned above.

Why Can’t I Install Minecraft Launcher Windows 11?

Minecraft launcher might need administrator privileges to run on your PC. You can try granting administrator privileges to the launcher. Or, you can do a quick restart and disable your antivirus(avg antivirus, BitDefender, etc) temporarily.

Will Minecraft Work On My Laptop?

You can check out the Minecraft system requirements on their official page. Minecraft is not a super resource-intensive game but newer versions(java edition) can stress budget systems. You can even try playing the web version of Minecraft if your system doesn’t meet the requirements.