How to Initialize SSD in Windows 10/8/7

About SSD and Disk Initialization

The solid-state drive, or SSD, is one of the most widely used storage technologies. It does not have the same extensive storage capabilities as a regular hard drive (HDD). Instead, SSDs are frequently used to boost computer performance.

how to initialize ssd

Customers prefer SSDs for rapid data transfer speeds and improved durability. Also, less weight, silent operation, and other features. Solid-state drives (SSDs) are often more expensive than hard disk drives (HDDs). The majority of users are willing to spend money on a good SSD for their devices. SSD prices have dropped dramatically in recent years.

It is usually necessary to do an initialization on a brand-new SSD. It will prepare the SSD for usage with an operating system, allowing you to format it and put files on it. You can only initialize an SSD  in Windows 10 that has not yet been formatted.

Depending on your specifications, you can pick between master boot record (MBR) or GPT partition styles when setting up the SSD. It’s worth noting that if the disk capacity is greater than 2 TB, you should set the SSD to GPT. You should also be aware that all prior versions of Windows do not recognize the GPT partition style.

Methods to Initialize SSD Windows 10/8/7

These are some of the methods to learn “How To Initialize SSD.”

  • Using Disk Management to Initialize an SSD
  • Using Diskpart Commands to Initialize Hard Drive
  • Initialize an SSD in Windows 10 Via Third-party Disk Manager Software
  • EaseUS Partition Master Disk Management Tool
  • When Should You Initialize Your SSD/HDD?
  • Why Do You Need To Initialize An Ssd In Windows 10?
  • How to Select a Partition Style for Your SSD
  • Minitool Partition Wizard Can Recover Data From An Initialized SSD.

1. Using Disk Management to Initialize an SSD

Disk Management is valuable software that lets you manage the various storage devices attached to your computer. It assigns drive letters and configuring disk partitions.

To set up an SSD in Windows 10 via Disk Management, follow these steps:

  • In the Start search box, type disk management.
  • Right-click on the ‘Create and format hard disk partitions” and choose Run as administrator.
Create and format hard disk partitions
  • Ensure that the disk you want to initialize is connected to the Internet. Right-click on the disk and select Online if it is shown as Offline.
  • Select Initialize Disk from the context menu when you right-click the SSD you want to initialize.
  • Select the SSD drive you want to initialize and the partition style in the Initialize Disk dialogue box.
  • To begin the disk startup process, click Ok.
  • Right-click on SSD drive and select New Simple Volume when it has been initialized.
New Simple Volume
  • To assign the volume to your SSD, complete the New Simple Volume Wizard.
  • You can now access your SSD through File Explorer after it has been initialized.
change drive letter

2. Using Diskpart Commands to Initialize Hard Drive

Diskpart is an essential Windows program that lets you manage your partitions and disks using command lines. It is more potent than Disk Management, and it allows you to perform more actions that the latter cannot.

To properly initialize the SSD  in Windows 10, you must first clean the disk using Diskpart command lines. Here’s how to go about it.

  • To open the Run window, press the Windows and R keys at the same time.
  • To open Command Prompt, type cmd into the empty box and click OK.
run the Command Prompt as an administrator.
  • Write the “diskpart” command into the command prompt and hit the Enter key.
  • Then, one by one, enter the command lines below to clean the SSD. Remember to hit Enter after each command.
    • List disk: display a list of all the installed disks on your computer.
    • Select disk X: X refers to disk number.
    • Clean: remove all partition or volume formatting from the drive.
Convert The MBR Disk To GPT with Diskpart

After that, the SSD will appear in Disk Management as Unknown not initialized, precisely like a new disk. The SSD’s Initialized Disk option will now be available.

Suppose you’re merely trying to change the partition style on a used SSD. You might be able to change the disk to MBR/GPT without having to wipe the disk formatting. Both Disk Management and Diskpart can help you do this. 

Delete all partitions on the disk in Disk Management by right-clicking them and selecting Delete Volume. Choose to Convert to GPT (or MBR) after Right-clicking the Disk from the context menu. Simply type the following commands into Diskpart:

  • List disk
  • Select disk X (X denotes the number of the desired partition)
  • Clean
  • Convert GPT (or convert MBR if you are converting a GPT disk)
Convert The MBR Disk To GPT with Diskpart

3. Initialize an SSD in Windows 10 Via Third-party Disk Manager Software

You must ensure that the involved commands are typed correctly to utilize the built-in program to initialize an SSD(used). Remembering the commands is difficult for most users. It is preferable to get help from a skilled third-party disk manager application.

MiniTool Partition Wizard is my recommendation for you. You may start your SSD (whether new or used) with a few clicks and change the partition type for your disk for free.

Simply click the icon below to download the software and give it a try. Then, open the MiniTool Partition Wizard and follow the steps in the following guide to set up SSD Windows 10.

  • Select Delete All Partitions from the context menu when you right-click the target SSD.
  • To confirm the procedure, click OK when you see a Warning message popup.
  • Right-click the SSD once more and select the new Initialize to GPT Disk option. If the SSD is GPT, the Initialize to MBR Disk option will appear instead.
Third-party Disk Manager
  • When previewing modifications in the main interface, you’ll notice that the drive is labeled as GPT. To complete any pending procedures, simply click the Apply button.

4. EaseUS Partition Master Disk Management Tool

EaseUS Partition Master

If you’re a computer newbie, the best approach to manage your drive is to use disk management software that’s simple to use. You can avoid any damage to your computer due to errors, such as using the erroneous command lines in Command Prompt.

With EaseUS Partition Master Free, you can quickly initialize an SSD in Windows 10. That’s all there is to it.

EaseUS Partition Master should now be open. Connect the PC to the hard drive or SSD.

  • Select “Initialize to MBR” or “Initialize to GPT” from the context menu when right-clicking the destination HDD or SSD.
EaseUS Partition Master
  • There will be a pending operation of initializing the disk to MBR or GPT disk. Click “Apply” after you’ve completed the process.
  • After the initialization, all disk space remains unallocated. It makes it challenging to install programs or save files.
  • You can continue to use EaseUS free partition software to create partitions and set the file system if you want to use the MBR or GPT disk.

When Should You Initialize Your SSD/HDD?

Message “Disk Unknown Not Initialized” appears.

Disk Unknown Not Initialized

When you try to access a hard disc or SSD, you may receive the message. “Disk 1 is unknown, not initialized, unallocated.” If this problem happens on Windows 10/8/7, you may need to discover a technique to initialize the drive properly.

A new hard drive or SSD does not appear in File Explorer.

You may need to add a drive letter or initialize a new blank hard disc drive (HDD) or solid-state disc (SSD) to your PC running Windows 10 if it does not appear in File Explorer.

Error message: “You must initialize a disc before Logical Disk Manager can access it.”

You must initialize a disc before Logical Disk Manager can access it

When you connect the HDD/SSD to your computer, it does not appear in My Computer/This PC. You may receive this error notice when checking Disk Management to discover what’s wrong. To resolve this issue, you must first initialize the drive and then format it with a file system before utilizing it.

Why Do You Need To Initialize An SSD In Windows 10?

An SSD’s initialization is critical, and failing to do so will prohibit the SSD from operating correctly with your PC. Formatting a storage device according to a specified file format is known as initializing it. How your data is arranged on your SSD or hard drive is determined by the file format.

To Initialize an SSD in Windows 10 is frequently the first step in configuring it with your PC. Windows 10 occasionally fails to recognize the SSD. The SSD does not appear in File Explorer. This problem can be resolved by initializing an SSD and assigning it a drive letter.

How to Select a Partition Style for Your SSD?

Select a Partition Style for Your SSD

A partition style is assigned to each storage device attached to your computer. How Windows and Mac OS access the data on the drive is determined by the partition style. GPT and MBR are the two main partition formats in Windows 10.

For SSDs and hard drives, the GUID Partition Table (GPT) is the most popular partition format. Windows 10 partitions disks using the GPT format by default. Because it allows volumes larger than 2 TB and is compatible with the latest UEFI-based systems, GPT is the preferred format. Older PCs and portable drives, such as memory cards, employ the Master Boot Record (MBR) partition style.

We recommend utilizing the GPT partition format for your SSD. It is more widely supported, offers more security, and allows for larger volumes.

You may also convert an MBR disk to a GPT disk or the other way around. However, you must first format the drive and delete all of the data.

Minitool Partition Wizard Can Recover Data From An Initialized SSD

Minitool Partition Wizard

As previously stated, an initialization will wipe the drive clean of all data. If you don’t back up your data before starting the initialization procedure, you may want to restore it afterward.

Continue to use MiniTool Partition Wizard to recover your data. Its Partition Recovery tool lets you recover deleted partitions together with their contents. This function is only available in premium editions.

  • To continue, select Partition Recovery from the upper toolbar and click Next.
  • Click Next after selecting the disc you want to recover. Select a scanning range that meets your requirements and then press the Next button.
  • Click Next after selecting Quick Scan. The partitions that were discovered will then be listed. After you’ve double-checked all of your required partitions, click the Finish button.
  • To restore the desired partitions, click the Apply button on the main interface.

Check out our 7 Easy fixes to SSD not showing up in Windows 10 


Here we have provided methods to learn “How to initialize SSD.” Diskpart Commands and Diskpart Management can be used to initialize an SSD  in Windows 10. Initializing your SSD/HDD is a quick and straightforward process that takes only a few minutes if followed attentively.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do I initialize a new SSD?

Move the mouse to the lower-left corner of your desktop in Windows 8 and later. Then right-click on the Start icon. Then select Disk Management. When you launch Disk Management, you’ll see a pop-up. It will be asking you to initialize an SSD in Windows 10. Click OK after selecting the GUID partition table (GPT).

Should I use MBR or GPT for Windows 10?

When creating a drive, you’ll almost certainly want to utilize GPT. All computers are heading toward a more current, sturdy standard if you need to work with older systems. For example, on a machine with a standard BIOS, the ability to boot Windows from a disk. For the time being, MBR will have to suffice.

Should I initialize my SSD as a GUID partition table (GPT)?

There’s no link between utilizing an SSD and choosing between MBR and GPT. On any UEFI-based PC, though, you’re better off adopting GPT as the newer standard. MBR is the only option if you utilize an SSD with a BIOS-based machine and wish to boot from the drive.

Do you format a new SSD?

A solid-state disk (SSD) can be formatted (really re-formatted) quickly and easily. It returns the drive to its original state. It’s the same as when the drive was brand new. Suppose you want to donate or sell your old hard drive. Not only will you need to reformat your drive, but you’ll also need to remove all of the data.

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