How To Create Feature In SharePoint 2010 Step By Step

SharePoint 2010 offers a powerful feature creation capability, and this guide will walk you through the process step by step. If you’re looking to create a feature in SharePoint 2010, you’ve come to the right place. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced developer, these instructions will help you navigate the feature creation process with ease.

To get started, follow the steps below:

  1. Start by creating a local SharePoint site using the Blank site template.
  2. In Microsoft Visual Studio 2010, create a new SharePoint 2010 project using the Empty SharePoint Project template.
  3. Add a new Web Part project item to the project.
  4. Customize the feature by changing the title, description, and group properties.
  5. Implement the Web Part by adding the necessary code.
  6. Test your work by deploying the project, adding the Web Part to a page, and debugging the code if needed.

If you’re interested in additional scenarios and best practices for feature creation in SharePoint 2010, keep reading.

One scenario involves creating a new Link list with pre-populated list items. To achieve this, follow these additional steps:

  1. Create a new SharePoint 2010 list instance feature with Visual Studio.
  2. Add a new list instance to the project and provide relevant settings such as the list name and URL.
  3. Customize the feature by changing the title and adding the necessary elements to pre-populate the list.
  4. Build and deploy the project to activate the feature and create the list with pre-populated items.

Another scenario involves creating a feature receiver in a sandboxed solution. Follow these steps to accomplish this:

  1. Start an Empty SharePoint Project in Visual Studio and choose to make it a sandboxed solution.
  2. Add a Feature to the project and an Event Receiver to the Feature.
  3. Open the generated code file and override the necessary event handlers.
  4. Make sure your code complies with the restrictions imposed on sandboxed solutions.
  5. Build, package, and deploy the solution to your SharePoint installation.
  6. Install the solution package to the site collection’s Solution Gallery and activate the feature.

These step-by-step instructions provide a comprehensive guide on how to create a feature in SharePoint 2010, customize it, and deploy it in different scenarios. Whether you’re creating a basic feature or exploring advanced scenarios, this guide has got you covered.

Creating a Feature in SharePoint 2010

To begin creating a feature in SharePoint 2010, you will need to start by creating a local SharePoint site using the Blank site template. This will serve as the foundation for your feature development. Once the site is created, you can proceed with the following step-by-step instructions:

  1. In Microsoft Visual Studio 2010, create a new SharePoint 2010 project using the Empty SharePoint Project template. This will provide you with a blank canvas to build your feature.
  2. Add a new Web Part project item to the project. This will allow you to incorporate web parts into your feature, enhancing its functionality.
  3. Customize the feature by changing the title, description, and group properties. This will make your feature unique and easily identifiable within SharePoint.
  4. Implement the Web Part by adding the necessary code. This can include custom logic and functionality that will be executed when the feature is activated.
  5. Test your work by deploying the project, adding the Web Part to a page, and debugging the code if needed. This will ensure that your feature functions as intended and meets the desired objectives.

In addition to the basic feature creation process, there are additional scenarios where you may want to create a feature in SharePoint 2010. For example, if you need to create a new Link list with pre-populated items, you can follow these steps:

  1. Create a new SharePoint 2010 list instance feature with Visual Studio. This will allow you to define the settings for the list, such as its name and URL.
  2. Add a new list instance to the project and provide relevant settings for pre-populating the list. This can include specifying the list items and their properties.
  3. Customize the feature by changing the title and adding the necessary elements to pre-populate the list. This can include defining the columns and their values.
  4. Build and deploy the project to activate the feature and create the list with pre-populated items. This will ensure that the list is ready for immediate use without the need for manual data entry.

Lastly, if you are working with a sandboxed solution and need to create a feature receiver, you can follow these steps:

  1. Start an Empty SharePoint Project in Visual Studio and choose to make it a sandboxed solution. This will impose certain restrictions on your code, ensuring it complies with the sandboxed environment.
  2. Add a Feature to the project and an Event Receiver to the Feature. This will allow you to intercept and handle specific events triggered by the feature activation or deactivation.
  3. Open the generated code file and override the necessary event handlers. This will enable you to customize the behavior of the feature based on your specific requirements.
  4. Make sure your code complies with the restrictions imposed on sandboxed solutions. This includes adhering to the resource limits and security measures put in place to protect the SharePoint environment.
  5. Build, package, and deploy the solution to your SharePoint installation. This will make the feature receiver available for activation within your sandboxed solution.
  6. Install the solution package to the site collection’s Solution Gallery and activate the feature. This will trigger the execution of the feature receiver code, allowing it to perform the desired actions within the sandboxed environment.

These step-by-step instructions provide a guide on how to create a feature in SharePoint 2010, customize it, and deploy it in different scenarios. By following these instructions, you can leverage the power of SharePoint 2010 to create robust and feature-rich solutions for your organization.

Customizing the Feature and Implementing the Web Part

Once you have created the feature project in Microsoft Visual Studio 2010, you can proceed to customize the feature by changing its title, description, and group properties. This allows you to provide a meaningful name and description for the feature, as well as categorize it under a specific group in SharePoint 2010.

To customize the feature, open the feature.xml file in the solution explorer. Here, you can modify the Title and Description attributes to reflect the purpose of your feature. You can also choose a suitable group for your feature by updating the Group attribute. This will help organize your features in the Site Settings page of SharePoint.

In addition to customizing the feature properties, you can implement the web part functionality by adding the necessary code. After creating the web part project item, navigate to the Solution Explorer and open the WebPart.cs file. Here, you can write the code to define the behavior and appearance of your web part.

To implement the web part, you can add controls, define properties, and handle events using the SharePoint API. This allows you to create a dynamic and interactive web part that enhances the functionality of your SharePoint site. Once you have written the code, you can build, deploy, and test your feature to ensure it functions as expected.

Customizing the Feature Implementing the Web Part
1. Change Title and Description attributes in feature.xml file 1. Write code in WebPart.cs file to define behavior and appearance
2. Update the Group attribute to categorize the feature 2. Add controls, define properties, and handle events
3. Build, deploy, and test the feature for desired functionality

In summary, customizing a feature in SharePoint 2010 involves modifying its properties to provide a meaningful name, description, and group. Implementing the web part requires writing code in the WebPart.cs file to define the behavior and appearance of the web part. By following these steps, you can create a customized feature and add an interactive web part to enhance your SharePoint site’s functionality.

Additional Scenarios and Best Practices for Feature Creation

In addition to customizing the feature and implementing the web part, SharePoint 2010 offers various additional scenarios and best practices for feature creation. Two such scenarios include creating a new Link list with pre-populated items and working with sandboxed solutions.

To create a new Link list with pre-populated items, you can utilize the list instance feature in Visual Studio. By adding a new list instance to your project, you can specify the necessary settings such as the list name and URL. Additionally, you can customize the feature by changing the title and adding elements to pre-populate the list with items. Building and deploying the project will activate the feature and create the list with the pre-populated items.

When creating a feature receiver in a sandboxed solution, you need to follow specific steps to ensure compatibility with the restricted sandbox environment. After starting an Empty SharePoint Project in Visual Studio as a sandboxed solution, you can add a feature and an event receiver to it. By overriding the necessary event handlers in the generated code file, you can implement the desired functionality. It’s important to ensure that your code complies with the restrictions imposed on sandboxed solutions. Finally, you can build, package, and deploy the solution, and then install and activate the feature in the SharePoint site collection.

By exploring these additional scenarios and adhering to best practices, you can extend the capabilities of your SharePoint 2010 features and optimize their performance.

Creating a Link List with Pre-Populated Items Creating a Feature Receiver in a Sandboxed Solution
1. Add a new list instance to the project 1. Start an Empty SharePoint Project as a sandboxed solution
2. Specify list settings and customize the feature 2. Add a feature and an event receiver to the project
3. Build and deploy to activate the feature and create the list 3. Override event handlers and comply with sandbox restrictions

In conclusion, SharePoint 2010 provides step-by-step instructions to create a feature, customize it, and implement web part functionality. By following these instructions, you can enhance your SharePoint site’s functionality and optimize its performance. Additionally, by exploring additional scenarios such as creating a new Link list and working with sandboxed solutions, you can expand the capabilities of your features and leverage best practices in feature creation.

Additional Scenarios and Best Practices for Feature Creation

Apart from the basic feature creation process, there are other scenarios and best practices you should be aware of when working with features in SharePoint 2010. These additional steps will allow you to customize your features and implement specific functionalities to enhance your SharePoint site.

Creating a New Link List with Pre-Populated Items

If you need to create a new Link list with pre-populated items, you can follow these steps. First, create a new SharePoint 2010 list instance feature using Visual Studio. Then, add a new list instance to the project and specify the relevant settings, such as the list name and URL. Customize the feature by changing the title and adding the necessary elements to pre-populate the list. Finally, build and deploy the project to activate the feature and create the list with pre-populated items.

Working with Feature Receivers in a Sandboxed Solution

When working with feature receivers in a sandboxed solution, it is important to follow these steps. Start by creating an Empty SharePoint Project in Visual Studio and select the option to make it a sandboxed solution. Next, add a Feature to the project, followed by an Event Receiver to the Feature. Open the generated code file and override the necessary event handlers. Ensure that your code complies with the restrictions imposed on sandboxed solutions. Finally, build, package, and deploy the solution to your SharePoint installation. Install the solution package to the site collection’s Solution Gallery and activate the feature.

By following these additional scenarios and best practices, you can take your feature creation process in SharePoint 2010 to the next level. Customize your features, implement specific functionalities, and ensure optimal performance for your SharePoint site.

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